Evolution of architectural designers in India
Temples to skyscrapers – evolution of architectural designers in India
Though the history of Indian architecture spans back to the dates unknown, the styles of the architects in India have been acknowledged to build world-class structures. Their knowledge in the field of science, the usage of new materials, and advanced technologies, architecture and engineering began to evolve as well.
Architectural designers started to concentrate on the aesthetic and humanist aspects, specifically to the technical aspects of designing buildings as they are knowledgeable enough for designing technologically innovative architectural structures. To be among the top architects in India, they need to have a keen knowledge of art, science, technology and humanity.
A competent architect always has a clear plan for designing form, space and ambience to reflect the functional, social, environmental and technical aesthetics of any given space. He or she has to be very creative and flexible with the ideas to get accepted as one of the best architects of India. They are educated with advanced technologies such as prefabricated constructions and 3D designing.
The architectural designs in India sprang from its rich culture, diverse history and various religions followed by the people. It becomes important for competent architectural designers to draw inspiration from all the architectural methods that have been there since ages and upgrade their skills with modern techniques of architecture. Modern architectural designs in India are the results of examination and implementation of the established building traditions and outside cultural influences.
From the great Indus Valley Civilization to the Indo-Islamic architecture and the modern architectural designs, India has always shown profound versatility. Be it the palaces or the mud huts, Indian architects have a rich legacy to deal with.
To make it simpler, we have mentioned the different forms of architecture in India and the way they have evolved across periods:
The Indus Valley Civilization
As you all know that the Indus Valley civilization was a Bronze Age civilization and is one of the earliest civilizations of the world having famous architectural designs. The architects in India at that time were capable of accentuating unique and rare features (during that time) such as houses with one or more toilets or multiple toilets connected to a centralized system. The great bath, the streets, the granary and the wells were the inspiring concepts of architectures in the Indus Valley civilization.
The Indo-Islamic architecture
As you all know the Red Fort, the Taj Mahal and Fatehpur Sikri are among the architectural designs in India, built during the Indo-Islamic era. The architectural designers in India during the Mughal ruling had designed structures with a notable blend of the Indian style combined with the Islamic architectural patterns. During this time, dome-shaped monuments with intricate floral detailing on the walls gained a lot of popularity.
Modern architectural designs
Before the British arrived, the architectural designs in India were all about social status and glorification, which were represented in the form of traditional structures; callously turning their back to the daily needs of the common man. The architectural designers were focused on sculptures carved out of stones. The British introduced elementary modern building construction and planning to the architects in India.
When Europe was having the heroic period of modern architecture, India witnessed the rising of Imperial Delhi by F.B. Blomfield one of the associates (top architects) of Sir Edward Lutyen. The architecture of the hotel is an amalgamation of colonial and Victorian architectural designs with a dash of Art Deco style.
Later the architects in India kept upgrading their knowledge and skills to match the rapid change in architectural technologies happening across the other parts of the world. Modern architecture resulted in high-rise structures built with materials including marbles, glasses, steels, wood and reinforced concrete (prefab structures).
Architects in India are flourishing and their knowledge is evolving with every passing year. It would interest you that at the time of independence (1947), India had only 300 trained architects and today it is countless. The Lotus Temple, Mumbai Airport, Rashtrapati Bhawan are some of the examples of the architectural designs depicting India’s versatility.
Modern architects in India are focusing in green buildings and minimizing the carbon footprints while constructing residential homes to tall buildings and skyscrapers with splendid designs.
Domes, minarets (slender towers), intricate lattice and calligraphy works are the traditional characteristics of Indian architecture that has been very well depicted in the historic monument like Taj Mahal. Though, modern architecture looked very much different than its traditional lineage, Indian architecture still honors and upholds the traditions of India. The basic change is that the modern architectural designs are crafted adhering to needs of the modern day living.